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The program supports pilot and preliminary research to improve drug, tobacco or alcohol use disorder treatments and related services, as well as services for comorbid medical and mental disorder conditions. The overall goal is for this research to lead to larger scale studies.
The program supports research on substance abuse and HIV. The agency seeks to fund pilot or feasibility studies to (1) prevent HIV infection among populations where substance use may be a contributing factor; (2) improve the care of HIV infection among populations where substance use is prevalent; and (3) increase the use of proven HIV prevention or care interventions.
The program supports research centers to focus on developing new and improved contraceptive methods for both men and women. A main goal is to improve contraceptive use by integrating the biomedical research and development with behavioral and social science research, including demography and other population sciences, psychology, economics and sociology. These centers also will serve as a national resource for development of early stage investigators electing to pursue careers in contraceptive research.
The program improves the health of communities by increasing the number and quality of preventive medicine physicians. These physicians must address public health needs and advance preventive medicine practices.
The program supports efforts to create a sustainable primary care nursing workforce equipped with the competencies necessary to address pressing national public health issues. The grantees will recruit and train nursing students and current registered nurses to practice to the full scope of their license in community-based primary care teams. These teams will increase access to care, with an emphasis on chronic disease prevention and control, including mental health and substance use conditions.
The program supports efforts to improve health outcomes for K-12 student. Specifically, the program seeks to increase the number of students who: (1) consume nutritious food and beverages; (2) participate in daily physical education and physical activity; and (3) effectively manage their chronic health conditions. The program has two funding categories: (1) Improving Student Health and Academic Achievement through Nutrition, Physical Activity and the Management of Chronic Health Conditions in Schools; and (2) National Professional Development and Training to Improve Student Health.
The program supports projects that bring the ideas and insights of the humanities to life for general audiences. Projects must engage humanities scholarship to analyze significant themes in disciplines, such as history, literature, ethics, and art, or to address challenging issues in contemporary life.
The program supports research on reducing negative outcomes related to unwanted patient transitions at the end of life through better coordination of care for individuals who are enrolled in hospice. Studies will focus on individuals who are receiving hospice care and their family caregivers in any setting.
The program supports research on the health of minority men. Specifically, this initiative seeks to: (1) enhance understanding of the numerous factors influencing the health promoting behaviors of racial and ethnic minority males; and (2) develop culturally and linguistically appropriate health-promoting interventions designed to reduce health disparities among racially and ethnically diverse males age 18 and older.
The program supports research to promote health, prevent disease, and reduce health disparities for those living or spending time in non-traditional settings, such as playgrounds and nursing homes. These settings can result in exposure to environmental pollutants and toxins resulting in health risks, symptoms and other health conditions and diseases including: lower respiratory disease; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; and cardiovascular disease.
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